UPSC IAS Prelims Topicwise Questions : Constitution

CSP 2017

With reference to the Parliament of India, consider the following statements:
1. A private member's bill is a bill presented by a Member of Parliament who is not elected but only nominated by the President of India.
2. Recently, a private member's bill has been passed in the Parliament of India for the first time in its history.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: Option D

Statement 1: It is introduced by any member who is not a Minister. A bill introduced by a Minister is called as a public bill.

Statement 2: Around 14 private member's bills have been passed since independence.

CSP 2017

One of the implications of equality in society is the absence of

A. Privileges
B. Restraints
C. Competition
D. Ideology

Answer: Option A

Article 18 of the constitution justifies this. Under Right to equality, A18 abolishes titular privileges (except military or academi

CSP 2017

Which principle among the following was added to the Directive Principles of Stat Policy by the 42nd Amendment to the Constitution?

A. Equal pay for equal work for both men and women
B. Participation of workers in the management of industries
C. Right to work, education and public assistance
D. Securing living wage and human conditions of work to workers

Answer: Option B

The 42nd Amendment added new Directive Principles, viz Article 39A, Article 43A and Article 48A.

Article 43A deals with 'Participation of workers in management of industries'.

CSP 2017

Which one of the following statements is correct?

A. Rights are claims of the State against the citizens.
B. Rights are privileges which are incorporated in the Constitution of a State.
C. Rights are claims of the citizens against the State.
D. Rights are privileges of a few citizens against the many.

Answer: Option C

Option C: The philosophy of rights is grounded in preventing the exploitation of the citizen by the state. So, essentially it is the claim of an individual against the state.

Option B: This is wrong because rights are not privileges, they are the bare minimum for the formation of a democratic state. Also, the constitution abolishes the concept of special privileges.

CSP 2017

Local self-government can be best explained as an exercise in

A. Federalism
B. Democratic decentralisation
C. Administrative delegation
D. Direct democracy

Answer: Option B

Option B: Decentralization and grass roots empowerment are the core guiding principles of local self-government as under 73rd and 74th constitutional amendment. For e.g. Gram Panchayats can sanction sanitation and welfare projects on their own.

Option A: Local bodies are not federal entities as is the position of states in India.

Option C: This isn't administrative delegation because local self-government bodies are political entities that are elected directly (or indirectly) by people and managed by their representatives.

Option D: Since it involves election and indirect decision making by people's representatives, there can be no direct democracy (where all decisions are made directly by the people).