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UPSC IAS Prelims Topicwise Questions : Constitution


Constitution
MOCK 11

At the time of British rule in India, the direct elections were for the first time incorporated under which Law/Act?

A. Indian Councils Act, 1892
B. Indian Councils Act, 1909
C. Government of India Act, 1919
D. Government of India Act, 1935

Answer: Option B


The first attempt at introducing a representative and popular element was made by MorleyMinto Reforms or the Indian Councils Act, 1909. The Act also provided for separate representation of the Muslim community and thus sowed the seeds of separatism.
Source: D.D. Basu - Chapter 1 ' Historical Background'


Constitution
MOCK 11

The federation as prescribed by Government of India Act, 1935 never came into being because

A. It was optional for the Indian States to join the federation
B. The administration of State subjects like agriculture, law and order was under Governor-General.
C. The Muslim League did not support federalism, rather they wanted a strong Centre to safeguard their interest.
D. None of the above

Answer: Option A


The federation as prescribed by Government of India Act, 1935 never came into being because it was optional for the Indian States (or the Princely States) to join the federation. And since the rulers of the Indian States never gave their consent, the Federation as envisaged by the Act of 1935 never came into being.
Source: D.D. Basu- Chapter 1 ' Historical Background'


Constitution
MOCK 11

Which of the following is/are the principal feature(s) of Government of India Act, 1919?
1) Introduced dyarchy at the Centre
2) Separated for the first time, provincial budget from the Central budget.
3) Introduced separate representation for the Muslim community and sowed the seeds of separatism.
4) Introduced provincial autonomy
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

A. 2 only
B. 1 and 3
C. 4 only
D. 2 and 4

Answer: Option A


Though Government of India Act, 1919 relaxed the central control over the provinces by demarcating and separating the central and provincial subjects, the structure of government continued to be centralised and unitary. The Act, further divided provincial subjects into two parts-transferred and reserved. The transferred subjects were to be administered by the governor with the aid of ministers responsible to the legislative Council. The reserved subjects, on the other hand, were to be administered by the governor and his executive council without being responsible to the legislative Council. This dual scheme of governance was known as 'dyarchy'. Separate electorate was introduced by the Morley-Minto Reforms or the Indian Councils Act, 1909
Source: Lakshmikanth- Chapter 1 ' Historical Background'


Constitution
MOCK 11

'Objective Resolution' presented by Jawaharlal Nehru in December, 1946 is an historic event in the making of the Constitution. What did this resolution contain?

A. abolition of communal electorate
B. the composition of the Constituent Assembly
C. the fundamentals and philosophy of the constitutional structure
D. ratified India's membership of the Common wealth

Answer: Option C


On December 13, 1946, Jawaharlal Nehru moved the historic 'Objectives Resolution' in the Assembly. It laid down the fundamentals and philosophy of the constitutional structure.
Source: Lakshmikanth- Chapter 2 ' Making of the Constitution'


Constitution
MOCK 11

A democratic polity is based on the doctrine of popular sovereignty. With regard to this principle, consider the following
1) Plebiscite
2) Referendum
3) Recall
4) Initiative
Which of the above is/are used in direct democracy?

A. 2, 3 and 4
B. 1 and 2
C. 1, 2 and 3
D. All of the above

Answer: Option D


Democracy is of two types-direct and indirect. In direct democracy, the people exercise their supreme power directly as is the case in Switzerland. There are four devices of direct democracy, namely, Referendum, Initiative, Recall and Plebiscite. In indirect democracy, on the other hand, the representatives elected by the people exercise the supreme power and thus carry on the government and make the laws. This type of democracy, also known as representative democracy, is of two kinds-parliamentary and presidential.
Source : Lakshmikanth Chapter 4 'Preamble of the Constitution'